Diamonds Sorting Methods From Mining

How to find diamonds? Diamonds are found in a flowing river or in a dry river bed with vibration. Diamonds and other hard blows accumulate in the stressed waters because of floods. Depth along the flowing rivers is called drainage. In it are excavated for diamonds. Diamonds are sometimes found in the desert below the surface of the waste. Hundreds of years ago, ‘rivers’ flowed here, which have now dried up! This excavation is called an open cast mine. Apart from that, diamonds are obtained from diamond mines or pipes.

The metal ore that comes out of the mine is called kimberlite or blue ground because it has a blue color. In addition, diamonds are found along the coast as well as at the bottom of the ocean. Separating diamonds from a metallic mineral is like finding a mow that has fallen into a haystack. On average, if you get 2 carats of diamonds from a ton of metallic minerals, that may sound like a lot, but it doesn’t. Different mines have different amounts of diamonds and metallic minerals.


1. the crushing and screening method-

diamond sorting System

To facilitate the extraction of diamonds from metal minerals, Kimberlite is made into small pieces or crushed to facilitate the extraction process. This releases the diamond from the sphere of pebbles. Care should be taken so that diamonds do not fall off during the grinding process. Screening is another process. As the frame decreases the size of the kimberlite decreases. Sometimes metallic minerals are mixed with water in a large pip. Then the peep is rotated around. So that the metal is broken down into smaller minerals and the diamond is separated. This process is useful for erosion. Sizes of metallics needed. Kept in the sieve. I have to harden the surface of the water to wash it off.


2. Heavy–media diamond separation system

Substances with high specific density are immersed in a liquid with a low specific density. If the specific density of a liquid is higher than the specific density of that substance, it floats on the surface of the liquid. And if the object! If the specific density of the liquid is the same, the substance may remain in the liquid. Use this principle in heavy–media separators! Has been done.

Heavy media separator consists of a cone shape tank. The diameter of the span is 12 feet. Crushed Datum is poured through a mineral heading. In thicker materials, sticky diamonds sit on the bottom. It is removed by sucking action. The remaining metal floats on the mineral surface. With this process, up to 80% of free unnecessary salts can be separated from diamond and solid material.


3. Grease table and grease belt diamond sorting System –

As discovered by De Beers scientists, diamonds do not soak in water and stick to grease. Support this rule! The grease table has been designed. There is a table with an aluminum plate. The motor is given vibration. grease is poured over the table. The metallic mineral water is then passed through the table. The diamonds stick to the zest of the grease table and the rest of the metallic minerals fall down. The diamond is then extracted with warm water or acid. The grease belt is also designed on the principle of the grease table. This method is even faster and Easier than the Grease table. The Grease table has a conveyor belt that is about 35 inches wide. It rolls over two rollers.

The belt is rotated on the axle by the motor. Grease is automatically applied to one end of the belt. The other end has a knife-like hot blade. Which is a short distance from the recumbent belt! Metal mineral water is poured over the grease belt. Diamonds stick firmly with grease due to vibration in the belt. Which is uprooted by the blade. The rest of the metal is washed away with the water as the sides are tilted.


4. X-ray diamond separation system

X-ray system The main principle in the X-ray diamond separation system is that almost all diamonds show fluorescence by placing X-rays down. But not all other elements in metallic minerals show perspiration.

A diamond separator has a conveyor belt. Metal minerals are poured over it through a Hooper-shaped structure called a feed hopper which is in the process of a grease belt. The feed is in a hopper, so that diamonds, other minerals, and gems of diamonds fall. The metals fall in almost a single row at the ends of the belt. X – rays are thrown over the row of these metallic minerals. If it has diamonds then it shows the prevalence. The Color tone is mainly blue. A photomultiplier with an optical filter is used. Which Gives the tone. It mobilizes the shower in the air, the air jet gives back the metallic hulled so that the diamonds are assembled in a different container, although the pre-welded minerals along with the diamonds also come together. Which is released by the artisans.

5. electronic diamond separation system

(electronic separation system) In this machine, there is a photomultiplier attached to the ground. The electric charge carriers are placed in front of and well close to each other. A high-pressure electric field is maintained between the two electric fumes. One of the two electrodes has a photomultiplier. Pebble mills are passed through metallic pebble mills in such a way that the surface of diamonds and other materials are well rubbed and turned green. When exponentially higher!

As the quantity passes through the electric field, all its particles become induced electric charges. ‘Metals and gems are relatively electrically conductive as they pass over the widows placed in the ground. ‘Then let the land in their area be conducive. The induced vibration on the surface of the diamond cannot move the conductor quickly. ‘The surface of the diamond is insulated with electricity. So they keep their Conductivity. This method is also less expensive. It also takes less time to touch diamonds with hands, and even smaller diamonds come out.

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